Added 4 months ago | 00:00:22 | 2443 views
This letterlocking format was used exclusively by Russian Soldiers during World War II. Sealing the letter shut was forbidden. The format could be easily identified, opened by censors and reviewed, refolded and send forward to the intend...
Added 5 months ago | 00:04:28 | 1527 views
Amalia’s letter to Eleonore de Volvire is one of condolence, as Eleonore’s husband, François de l’Aubespine (1584-1670), Marquis de Hauterive-Châteauneuf and governor of Breda since 1639, has just died. The black sealing wax and black fl...
Added 5 months ago | 00:01:53 | 2344 views
Elizabeth Stuart used ciphers, special codes that need a key to unlock them, to hide information from prying eyes. So far seven of her keys, typically alphabets of 24 letters – in seventeenth-century script i/j and u/v were interchangeab...
Added 5 months ago | 00:05:42 | 2654 views
Most of Elizabeth Stuart’s letters are holograph, or in her own hand. Secretarial letters were the most likely to be intercepted and opened in the expectation of politically useful content within. From the moment of her husband's death i...
Added 5 months ago | 00:04:45 | 1765 views
2.0g gum arabic crystals 10.0g of oak galls 2.5g iron sulfate 1. Dissolve the gum arabic in water making a light, sticky solution, set aside. 2. Crush two galls (they look like nuts) with a hammer. Place them in a litre beaker a...
Added 5 months ago | 00:06:06 | 1412 views
Writing an early modern letter was often a co-operative enterprise, and a queen might just as well delegate the entire job to her secretary as dictate it to him. Here Sir Francis prepares a letter for Elizabeth's approval, writing the co...
Added 5 months ago | 00:04:43 | 2029 views
Complete with silk floss and wax, this is on of the smallest pleated letters known to exist. Keeping Amalia von Solms informed of her husband's movements required great discretion: whatever Frederick Henry, the High Commander of the Dutc...
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