Human Cloning and Human Rights: Promises and Perils
Rudolf Jaenisch, Professor of Biology, MIT Founding Member, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research; Stephen P. Marks, Franois-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of Health and Human Rights Department of Population and International Health; Harvard School of Public Health;
Description: Ignore the noisy debate around cloning, Rudolf Jaenisch quietly insists, and instead look closely at the biology involved. First, note that there are two different kinds of cloning: reproductive cloning, the attempt to create an exact replica of a human being, which Jaenisch believes to be both biologically flawed and morally questionable; and therapeutic cloning, which offers potential cures to some of mankind's most devastating diseases, and from Jaenisch's point of view, sidesteps ethical pitfalls. Both involve transferring the genetic material from a somatic cell (from the skin, for instance) into an individual egg cell. The fertilized cell gives rise to embryonic stem cells, which have the near miraculous capacity to differentiate into every kind of tissue found in the body. Jaenisch says human embryonic stem cell research could help reveal the mechanisms behind biological growth, and enable a customized approach to treating such diseases as diabetes and Parkinson's. Once scientists create these ES cells, they can grow them in vitro.
Ethical problems emerge, Jaenisch believes, when a cloned embryo is implanted in a uterus with the intent of creating a full-term clone, or with the intent of harvesting stem cells from an aborted fetus. These involve the "destruction of potential life." The creation of cloned ES cells for research purposes, however, is the "propagation of existing life," says Jaenisch.
Stephen Marks delineates the various human rights arguments around cloning: Are we at risk "of turning people into products?" Can "we pursue genetic health and enhancements" while maintaining the individual's dignity? He describes the U.S. administration's current opposition to any form of cloning and in particular, its attempt to throttle international treaties that might eventually permit therapeutic cloning.
Host(s): Office of the Provost, Program on Human Rights and Justice
Tape #: T191181
It looks like no one has posted a comment yet. You can be the first!
More from MIT World — special events and lectures
Added 3 years ago | 00:54:07 | 2156 views
Added 3 years ago | 01:32:00 | 1916 views
Added 3 years ago | 01:30:00 | 1531 views
Added 3 years ago | 00:55:20 | 3003 views
Added 3 years ago | 01:36:00 | 4225 views
Added 3 years ago | 01:26:00 | 2068 views