Earth Systems Engineering and Management
Brad Allenby, Arizona State University
Description: If you take as a given that humans now live on a geoengineered planet, then what is our responsibility for the future? Before discussing how to deal with Earth systems,Brad Allenby asks that we think carefully about the complexity of human systems, especially our tendency to generate far more complexity than we realize, and to assume "that we have a reasonable handle going forwardand can therefore talk about (the future) with some degree of rationality."
In a talk that kicks off with quotes from Stewart Brand, William Gibson and Vishnu, Allenby pulls together some trends "we should care about" when discussing solutions for global issues. He notes that just as railroads changed American culture and self"perception in unexpected ways, so will the integrated impact of technology. Nanotechnology, robotics, biotechnology, information and communication technology are all changing at the same time, "so the idea that we can make projections out 100 years is laughable." Allenby also notes that, to our peril, we're integrating natural systems into human systems, handing off what had been public concerns to commercial interests, failing to develop a governing ethical structure for "complex adaptive systems," all at a time when the end of the Cold War has destabilized global power relationships.
Allenby worries that we are dabbling in systems management well over our heads, building information structures into our cities' infrastructure, for instance, and utilizing humans as "design spaces." Don't forget how the global stock market crashed, in spite of carefully designed computer trading systems, he reminds us. How can we approach earth systems engineering in a way so as to do no harm, much less leave things better off? Some principles Allenby recommends: "Only intervene when necessary and to the extent required;" model complicated systems before implementing them, and whenever possible, make incremental and reversible change; acknowledge the social engineering agendas that underlie the climate debate, and the interplay between scientific analysis and values; and bring all parties to the discussion, "not just engineers sitting with scientists, but with post"modern English critics."
About the Speaker(s): Brad Allenby spent more than 20 years working for AT&T as counsel, senior environmental counsel, research vice president for technology and environment, and environment, health and safety vice president. During that period he also served for two years as Director of Energy and Environmental Systems at Lawrence Livermore National Labs, and as the J. Herbert Holloman Fellow at the National Academy of Engineering.
He also taught as an adjunct professor at Yale University School of Forestry, Columbia University 's School of International and Public Affairs, Princeton Theological Seminary, and the University of Virginia 's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.
His publications include Reconstructing Earth (2005) and with T.E. Graedel, Industrial Ecology. He is the president of the International Society for Industrial Ecology.
Host(s): School of Science, Center for Global Change Science
It looks like no one has posted a comment yet. You can be the first!
More from MIT World — special events and lectures
Added over 1 year ago | 00:51:25 | 3384 views
Added over 1 year ago | 01:15:00 | 1434 views
Added over 1 year ago | 01:06:00 | 1415 views
Added over 1 year ago | 01:27:00 | 1124 views
Added over 1 year ago | 01:31:00 | 2060 views
Added over 1 year ago | 03:02:00 | 1195 views